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Vygotsky's theory on scaffolding and the zone of proximal development

Zone of Proximal Development

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Scaffolding
Zone of Proximal Development
ZPD
Culture and it effect on a childs cognitive development
References

Zone of Proximal Development is the difference bewtween a childs "actual development level as determined through problem solving under adult guidance or in collaboration with more capable peers"

Five componetns that play an improtant role in a child's development in real world activities are:
  • Selecting the activity in which guidance takes place.
  • Deciding the goals of the activity.
  • Establishing bridges between what the child knows and what the adult wants to induct the child into.
  • ensuring that the child attains indepenence functioning
  • and communicating in a  number of dimensions.